LINKS EM INGLES
LINKS DE REFERÊNCIA (EM INGLÊS)
"I was nervously waiting ..." (february 2000). On February 9th, 2000, musicologist Alan W. Pollack completed his series of analyses of the Beatles' catalog. Here, interviewed by Ian Hammond, the author looks back on ten years and eight months of Beatles' studies.
The official Beatles' canon (december 1999). Alan W. Pollack's famous analyses of the Beatles' songs, now arranged along the lines of official Beatles' canon according to the release dates of the singles, EP's and albums.
Who is the main composer of the Beatles' songs? (october 1999). From the very beginnings of the Beatles Paul McCartney and John Lennon decided to publish their songs under both their names. So all their songs bear the cooperative hallmark "Lennon / McCartney". But, some songs were more Lennon's work, while others more exclusively show the hand of McCartney. Here Per Myrsten answers the question who was the main composer of each and every Beatles' song.
A Beatles' Odyssey (march 1999). Alan W. Pollack's Notes on ... Series, a musicological analysis of all the songs the Beatles wrote and performed on their official records, is now available on Soundscapes' pages. This essay, written by Ger Tillekens, offers a short introduction to Pollack's ten year musicological journey along the long and winding roads of the Beatles' songs.
Notes on ... Series (january 1999). In 1989 the American musicologist Alan W. Pollack started to analyze the songs of the Beatles. He published his first results on internet. In 1991 — after he had finished the work on 28 songs — he bravely decided to do the whole lot of them. About ten years later, in 2000 he completed the analysis of the official Beatles' canon, consisting of 188 songs and 25 covers. Here we have ordered this massive work in five categories. And, for your convenience, we've added an alphabetical index as well as a short introduction.
The sound of the Beatles (may 1998). A new book on the music of the Beatles by Ger Tillekens, explaining the system behind their curious chord combinations and their harmoniously sounding melodies. For the moment the book is only available in the Dutch language, but this site compensates for this omission with an extensive English summary.
A flood of flat-sevenths (june 2006). According to many pop-musicologists the flat-seventh chord, or subtonic, can be regarded as one of the marks of the Beatles' experimental period. On the Beatles' 1966 album Revolver this chord is paired to a lavish use of quartal harmonies. Is this peculiar chord responsible for the album's atmosphere? Answering this question, Ger Tillekens here takes a closer look at the flat-seventh.
Semantic shifts in Beatles' chord progressions (april 2004). The Beatles' chord transitions, Ger Tillekens (1998) argued, reflect their lyrics by referring to changing contexts of conversation. However, can and do listeners actually perceive chord transitions that way? Using an experimental design, Juul Mulder tried to answer this question. Here we reprint the results.
Old sweet songs (july 2002). Every writer of rock music, one way or the other, is reworking the lines of earlier songs. This also goes for Paul McCartney, whose compositions "I Saw Her Standing There" and "Yesterday" are both, as Ian Hammond here shows, based on some older songs.
Boys will be Girl Group, or the Johnettes (september 1999). Between 1958 and 1965 the sound of Girl Groups reigned high in the US Top Ten. Though the songs of these groups appear quite simple to the ear, the music and lyrics contain subtle and suprising innovations. Next to the rhythm and blues and the rock 'n' roll — Greg Panfile shows — this style of popular music exerted an important influence on the music of the Beatles and their fellow musicians of the British beat explosion.
Not A Second Time" (august 2000). Many experts take the early Beatles' song "Not A Second Time" for a weak member of the group's songbook, mainly because of the inconsistencies between Lennon's lyrics and his voicing of the song lines.
Words and chords (july 2000). In the Beatles' songs each of the basic chords can be replaced by several other types of chords. Separated by minor third intervals, the tones of these stand-in chords show a diagonal relationship.
Markus Heuger's Beabliography (june 2000). The Beabliography is a huge bibliography of "mostly academic writings" about the Beatles, initiated by Markus Heuger. The Beabliography offers an alphabetical author index and a systematic catalogue of relevant subjects.